Characteristics and Parts of Expository Essay Every Writer Must Know

Characteristics and Parts of Expository Essay Every Writer Must Know


You may have written lots of essays in your academic life. While they share some characteristics with each other, they might be different in their structure and parts. Some are meant to convince the readers that your position about the topic is correct, and some essays explore the similarities and differences in a topic. Beyond this, you may also be asked to write an essay which explains an event, subject, or concept to the readers. Such a type of essay is called an expository essay.

Such essays are common in academic writing, yet many of you (students) make a lot of mistakes in writing them. Therefore, there is a need to explain the characteristics and parts of an expository essay so that you can write it in its true structure. So, keeping this in mind, today’s article is all about explaining the characteristics and parts of this essay type that every writer must know. So, let’s start today’s discussion by defining it first.

What is an expository essay? Explain with importance.

It is an essay which communicates factual information about the essay topic to the reader. The word “expository” itself means “intended to explain or describe something in detail.” Such type of essay provides a clear and focused to one point explanation of the topic. It is important to note that this type of essay does not approve or disapprove of anything. It just aims at explaining the topic to the reader in an effective and clear way.

The purpose of an expository essay is pretty much easy to comprehend. Its main aim is to present a balanced and objective description of the topic under discussion. It allows the writer to explain complex topics and information in an easy and understandable way. All these things make this essay an important one. Therefore, hiring a cheap essay writing service becomes important in this regard.

What are the characteristics of an expository essay?

From the discussion above, you have come to know that this essay describes or explains an idea or the essay topic with a thorough analysis. It is written to instruct or enlighten the reader’s imagination by including relevant pieces of evidence. However, before writing this essay, you must know about its characteristics. Hence, a brief description of its main characteristics is as follows:

1.     Descriptive

It is one of the main and important features of this writing. It intends to describe the essay topic and describe it in an objective fashion. For example, a science-related essay requires a background description of the thing or process you are investigating. So, the same is the case with this essay in that it describes the issue or problem at hand thoroughly by giving some concrete facts and figures. Once again, it is important to highlight that an expository essay does not prove a point or argument; it just explains it.

2.     Illustrative

Illustrations are an important part of this type of essay. The reason is that the illustrations and the explicit references add clarity to your essay and lets you explain the whole concept in an easy and understandable way. However, the important thing is that the illustrations you use should be relevant to the topic. They must support the theoretical points of your essay.

3.     Analytical

This essay is analytical in its writing approach. What does it mean? It means that, as a writer, you break the topic into smaller pieces, categorise them, explain those parts, and describe the overall issue. So this way, it is an analytical essay, and the analysis is the imperative feature of an expository essay.

4.     Objective and unbiased

One of the most important features of this essay is that it is objective and unbiased. It means that the writer’s perception and pre-existing beliefs about the essay topic should not be part of the description or the analysis of the topic. The whole approach to the essay must be unbiased and based on facts and figures.

Parts of an expository essay

This type of essay follows the same structure as you follow in the case of other essay types. So, like all other essay types, this essay also has three parts, i.e., the main issue (the introduction), supporting information to the issue (the body paragraphs), and a formal end to the topic (conclusion). So, these are the three basic parts of this essay. Worried about how to write these parts? Let’s explain them one by one.

1.     Introduction – the mention of the main issue

The first main component of this essay is the introduction. It is the place where you mention the main issue you are going to discuss and hook your reader to skim through the subsequent paragraphs. So, writing a strong introduction is the need of your essay. How can you write this? Look, it is very easy; start your essay with some hook sentences. These sentences could be in the form of questions, quotes, or something else that can grab the attention of the reader. After this, explain the overall background of the issue and give the definition of the major concepts being addressed in the issue. At last, give an overview of the layout of your essay.

2.     Body paragraphs – the place for supporting information

The next part of an expository essay is the body paragraphs. These paragraphs contain the supporting information that supports your explanation throughout the essay. It could be in the form of concrete facts and figures, examples, and illustrations. Note that the number of body paragraphs can be up to 3 to 4 in an essay. All the body paragraphs follow the same structure, i.e., problem, evidence, and solution.

3.     Conclusion – formal end to the essay

The conclusion is the third part of your expository essay that puts a formal end to your essay. It sums up the whole discussion and gives a final verdict about the issue. The verdict should not be in the form of agreement or disagreement on the topic but in a descriptive form. So, reiterate the essay topic and the pieces of evidence in the conclusion briefly.


Writing an expository essay is not a difficult task with some guidelines in hand. Knowing about its characteristics and parts is the best way to start with. So, as a beginner writer, you must pay close attention to the points above. These points will help you a lot in crafting a descriptive and unbiased essay. SO, READ & CRAFT.


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